The Latin American Campaign for the Right to Education has launched this week a campaign for the correct financing of Sustainable Development Goal 4 on the occasion of the 72nd United Nations General Assembly, that is taking place this week too. Fe y Alegría, a Jesuit education network present in 21 countries, 17 of them in Latin America and the Caribbean, joins this mobilization to underscore the importance of tax justice for guaranteeing the human right to education.
The statement of support for this campaign summarizes the four main demands of the campaign, including investment in education in national and ODA budgets and fiscal justice.
The Education Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) promote the changes needed to ensure the right to inclusive, equitable and quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all people, as set out in international commitments. The international community committed itself in 2015 to increasing the allocation of resources to make this right real. Low and middle income countries must allocate at least 6% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 20% of their total education budget, while donor countries must allocate 0.7% of GDP to Official Development Assistance.
The International Federation of Fe y Alegría, a member of the Latin American Campaign for the Right to Education (CLADE), joins the first edition of the Latin American Week for the Right to Education, under the slogan ¡Financien lo justo! For free public education for all, launched by CLADE, which will take place from September 18-24, 2017, within the framework of the 72nd General Assembly of the United Nations.
Fe y Alegría expresses its commitment to free, inclusive public education as a fundamental human right and demands that States fulfil their responsibility as guarantors of the right to quality education for all.
WHAT DO WE DEMAND FROM STATES AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY?
- A MINIMUM OF 6% OF GDP IN EDUCATION AND A MINIMUM OF 20% OF THE PUBLIC BUDGET EXECUTED IN EDUCATION!
Without increased investment in education, Latin American and Caribbean countries will not be able to improve school infrastructure, promote truly educational environments, ensure inclusive education, decent work and living wages for teachers, and guarantee democratic governance in schools and continuity and access to free education. International commitments set out clear minimum funding targets to be achieved in our countries, which can and should guide civil society advocacy actions. However, the situation and particularities of each country will determine what minimum investment in education is necessary to guarantee free, quality public education for all.
In turn, in the Education Agenda 2030, the donor countries of international cooperation committed themselves to devoting 0.7% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to Official Development Assistance (ODA) until 2020 and between 15% and 20% of ODA to education.
- STOP THE BUDGETARY BACKGROUND IN EDUCATION!
Some countries in our region are experiencing serious setbacks in the allocation of financial resources for education, in violation of rights and jeopardizing the achievement of educational goals.
- FULL FREE PUBLIC EDUCATION!
Greater and better financing of the public education system is needed to make international commitments to the expansion and universalization of free public education a reality. Full free education, which has not yet become a reality in our region, entails the absence of costs related to the educational process, whether they are direct (school fees and fees related to tuition, textbooks, materials, transportation, enrolment in examinations and additional payments to teachers, etc.) or indirect (collections due to food and clothing, as well as other elements that condition access to and permanence in school).
In order to confront the privatizing tendencies of and in education and the actions that impose the logic of the market in public education and threaten the free provision of education, it is necessary to have strengthened education systems that are open to the participation of the educational community.
- TAX JUSTICE AND ACHIVEMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS!
Tax justice allows the necessary conditions to be set for the achievement of the human right to education: without the establishment of a fair and equitable tax system and effective mechanisms to counter fiscal avoidance and evasion, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean will hardly have sufficient public resources to overcome inequalities and guarantee human rights.
In this regard, it must be recognized that the struggle for free, quality and free public education begins by putting an end to harmful tax incentives and tax avoidance practices of national and transnational corporations, by increasing the transparency of governments and large corporations, and by establishing a new international tax architecture.
You can follow the campaign messages or join social networks with complaints with the hashtag #FinancienloJusto or go to www.semanalatinoamericana.campanaderechoeducacion.org